English PDF. Burn injuries are caused by fires or flames, hot liquids or steam, contact with a hot object or agent like grease or tar, chemicals, or electricity. The burn depth depends on how hot the agent was and how long the burned area was in contact with the agent and how thick the skin is in the area. There are three levels of a burn injury:. Antibiotic an-ti-bahy-OT-ik ointments or creams are often used to prevent or treat infections in patients with second-degree burns.
Natural burn remedies can help reduce the pain and inflammation caused by burns. In some cases, natural burn remedies also can help promote healing of the skin. While natural burn remedies may offer certain benefits, it's important to remember that some types of burns require medical attention. When it comes to treating burns at home, the level or severity of the burn is of the utmost importance:. First-Degree Burns: Red and painful, first-degree burns tend to swell slightly and turn white when you apply pressure to the skin. Second-Degree Burns: Typically producing blisters, second-degree burns are thicker, very painful, and may cause the skin to turn red, splotchy, and swollen. Third-Degree Burns: A type of burn that damages all layers of the skin, third-degree burns leave the skin white or charred.
If you go to a doctor for burn treatment, he or she will assess the severity of your burn by examining your skin. He or she may recommend that you be transferred to a burn center if your burn covers more than 10 percent of your total body surface area, is very deep, is on the face, feet or groin, or meets other criteria established by the American Burn Association. Your doctor will check for other injuries and might order lab tests, X-rays or other diagnostic procedures. For serious burns, after appropriate first aid and wound assessment, your treatment may involve medications, wound dressings, therapy and surgery.
Whether you burn your hand on a pan of cookies, spend too much time in the sun, or spill hot coffee on your lap, burns are certainly not pleasant. Unfortunately, burns are one of the most common household injuries. Burns are categorized by their severity. A first-degree burn is considered the least severe because it only affects the outer layer of skin.